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7. MECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND WATER ABSORPTION BEHAVIOUR OF WOVEN BANANA AND GLASS FIBER REINFORCED POLYESTER COMPOSITES

Authors -  Dipu Raj, Rakesh Raj, Joobith Banarji

Abstract : Use of eco-friendly composites gain attraction due to its light weight and moderate strength in the recent years. Woven fabrics are attractive as reinforcement since they provide excellent integrity and conformability for advanced structural composite applications. The major driving force for the increased use of woven fabrics, compared to their non-woven counterparts is reduced manufacturing costs and increased resistance to impact damage. In this work, woven banana and glass fibre (WRM) fabrics are arranged in different stacking sequences to prepare different composite laminates. Woven banana fibre reinforced with glass fibre is expected to have high impact strength, flexural strength and tensile strength compared to laminate (non-woven) composites. Composites of different fibre weight fractions, layering patterns and weaving architecture will be tested for flexural strength, tensile strength and impact strength. The inter-laminar shear strength and water absorption behaviour of the fabricated composites are also focused.  Proven to be of appreciable impact strength, this fibre could be used in crumble zone of passenger cars, shield of helmets, sports knee pads, elbow pads, acoustic shield, etc. Different types of hybrid laminates will be fabricated by hand lay-up and compression moulding method by using woven banana and glass fibres as reinforcing material with Isophthalic polyester resin. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis is carried out to evaluate fiber matrix interfaces and analyze the structure of the fractured surfaces.
Keywords : Fibers, Woven Banana fibers, Woven Hybrid Composites, Mechanical Testing, ILSS, SEM

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